- A measure is a form of sign. By measuring it brings to awareness something other than itself and something otherwise hidden in the object measured.
- Price is a signal of how much a person desires a thing.
- Culture, custom, tradition etc. are sign structures that provide a framework for approaching the world. It unifies our perception in a way that we know what to pursue or avoid or ignore. That is what is good, evil or negligible.
- Law measures the actions of men and provides the rational and perpetual framework in an semiotic fashion to live justly. Unjust laws are like a road sign pointing to Troy, they fail to signify something real/just but rather something fictions or non-existent.
- Injustice is worthy of punishment and so along with providing a rational framework, it provides also the framework of vengeance and reparation.
- Custom etc has this character but with respect to less important things (setting a table) or behaviors the law doesn’t punish but custom does (fornication, being alone with the opposite sex, etc.)
- This provides the mind with a framework to answer the question: What ought I to do?
- Liberalism find this generally repugnant, but society and rational animals cannot exist apart from it. Consequently, liberalism does not establish a society free of such conventions but one with assuredly irrational conventions, customs, etc.