Had an awesome post lost to the eternal void of WordPress, so here are some bullet points.
- The particular perfection of the common good is its communicability.
- A proper good can in a manner become a common good in its communication by a person. The enjoyment of food is a proper good that a chief shares or participates in when the eater communicates it.
- A family meal is a common good where such enjoyment is shared. Contrasted to a meal in a cafeteria with the same proper goods. A newborn, young child and adult participate in differing degrees in the common good of the meal in accord with their capacity to communicate their proper goods and engage in the common life.
- A person can be and usually is a common good. A newborn is a common good of the parents, though he does not communicate it to the parents. They are united by him.
- Rights are grounded in the common good, they are the just participation in the common good owed to people according to the nature or degree of their relation to the common good. There is a hierarchy of participation in the common good. A bachelor, husband and father have different rights in proportion to the different degrees of participation in the common good.
- Under this view, aristocracy is very plausible. In virtue of his wealth the aristocrat has many more rights than others. However, since this is grounded in the common good, he has a greater obligation to fulfill the common good.
- Liberalism undermines this in two, first in the commonality then in the goodness. Since, Liberalism takes Liberty as the object of authority, it destroys the universality of the common good by proposing an absolutely singular good of mere existence. Also, since Liberty is an indifference to good and evil it destroys the goodness of the common good.
- From Liberty then proceeds Equality. With the elimination of the commonality which provides a hierarchy of participation and different rights for different people, there is no rationale for people to possess such degrees. Moreover, by eliminating the goodness of the common good, rights are grounded per impossible in neither good or evil, so that all actions are or can become rights, whether good or evil.